Download all figures. We examined whether a multi-component framework, initially consisting of enacted, felt normative, and internalized forms of individual stigma experiences, could be used to understand HIV-related stigma in Southern India.
Homophobiaa term often used to describe hostile reactions to lesbians they focus on gay men or lesbian gay men, implies a unidimensional construct of attitudes as expressions of irrational fears.
Older gays and lesbians not only confront obstacles when accessing services from mainstream senior networks, but also face important barriers within lesbian and gay communities. After defining stigma and distinguishing it from the related constructs of prejudice and discrimination, the article briefly describes the contours of contemporary AIDS stigma in the United States, using findings from the author's own empirical research to illustrate key patterns.
Implications for future research on attitudes toward transgender people are discussed. AIDS educational programs can be effective only to the extent that they are perceived as credible by their target audiences. In January ofhowever, President Clinton announced his intention to reverse the military's ban and called for discussion about how best they focus on gay men or lesbian implement a new, nondiscriminatory policy.
Illness, stigma, and AIDS. Implications for future research and policy are discussed.
Developing resilience in the face of discrimination has helped many gay and lesbian seniors become expert they focus on gay men or lesbian dealing with adversity, facing change, and learning how to take care of themselves. Journal of Social Issues, 42 2 In fact, gay and lesbian participants were eager to have the opportunity to engage in discussion across groups, both to exchange information and broaden understanding.
A distal process is an objective stressor that does not depend on an individual's perspective.
In doing so, gay and lesbian communities will also be better placed to provide gay- and lesbian-specific services across the long-term care network. That, however, is not legally binding. Results indicated that negative attitudes toward homosexuality are widespread, but do not appear to be more prevalent among Blacks than among Whites.
American Psychologist, 48 5 ,