Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 20 4 Participants reported differing social experiences e. Retrieved
Yet most research in psychology concludes that there are no differences in developmental outcomes between children raised by lesbigay parents and those raised by heterosexual parents. Lesbian and Gay Parents and Their Children. The courts ruled that "the applicant's transsexuality, in itself, without further evidence, would not constitute a material change in circumstances, nor would it be considered a negative factor in custody determination," marking a landmark case in family law whereby "a person's transsexuality is irrelevant on its own as a factor in his or her ability to be a good parent"  Additionally, Jay Wallace, a resident trans-man from Toronto, Canada, "was permitted to identify as Stanley's father on the province of Ontario's Statement of Live Birth Form," marking a decoupling of genetics and bio-sex in relation to Gay family with child roles.
Discovering Cuba. Brownin which Judge Vaughn Walker found that the available studies on stepchildren, which opponents of same-sex marriage cited to support their position that it is best for a child to be raised Gay family with child its biological mother and father, do not isolate "the genetic relationship between a parent and a child as a variable to be tested" and only compare "children raised by married, biological parents with children raised by single parents, unmarried mothers, step families and cohabiting parents," and thus "compare various Gay family with child structures and do not emphasize biology.
Hoeffer, B. Yet most research in psychology concludes that there are no differences in developmental outcomes between children raised by lesbigay parents and those raised by heterosexual parents. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology43 4 The adolescents in the comparison group were derived from a representative sample of adolescents in Washington state.
Nonetheless, teachers indicate that children from lesbian families experience more Gay family with child problems compared with children from heterosexual households. Interviews with the year-old children.
In addition, there is no evidence that the sexual orientation of the mother influences parent-child interaction or the socioemotional development of the child. The results suggest that higher level of adopted adolescent attachment to parents is not related to adoptive parent sexual orientation.
Opponents of lesbian and gay parental rights claim that children with lesbigay parents are at higher risk for a variety of negative outcomes. Main article: Artificial Insemination. Data were collected as part of the National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study by interviewing the children and having the mothers complete questionnaires.